In the early 1960’s, many environmental protection NGOs started to promote conservation of ecosystems all over the globe. Greenpeace’s first stated mission is to “protect biodiversity in all its forms”. For WWF its principal objective is to “conserve nature and reduce the most pressing threats to the diversity of life on Earth.” Conservation and climate change have become an important part of the international discussion.
Have you ever wondered what is wrong with people who have political views so different from yours? Have you ever experienced frustration in discussing politics with friends who seem to stick to their ideology, irrespective of the evidence you might bring into the discussion? You are not alone, I guess, and you might find some interesting answers in a new prolific line of work in political science that connects political orientations to biological predispositions. A bunch of academics have indeed started tackling with some serious and scientific effort the question we always end up asking ourselves when we deplorably decide to talk politics with some people: what’s their problem?! In particular, this research tries to understand how genetic and biological components might be interacting with environmental factors in shaping our political beliefs. I was exposed to some of this research in a fascinating IAST (Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse) seminar held two years ago by Professor John Hibbing from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, I will present some of the main experiments and results.
The origins of tobacco processing in Toulouse go back to 1674. Seeds were first grown in the South-West of France during the 17 th century. King Louis XIV was soon after the first to monopolize its distribution and sales under the state. In 1791, the French Revolutionaries abolished the monopoly, only for it to be reinstated by Napoleon in 1810. The manufacturing in Toulouse moved to the Quai de la Daurade (today’s Ecole des Beaux-Arts), and was then expanded to the Bazacle.
About 50 years ago, Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky started to take on the neoclassical doctrine of rational, self-interested behaviour. It turned out to be a destructive process. The two psychologists showed how humans systematically behave differently than homo economicus1 would in a range of situations.
NudgeFrance est une association créée en 2015 pour permettre le développement de l’économie comportementale grâce à une approche nudge.
Son objectif est de promouvoir cette stratégie auprès des spécialistes mais également du grand public. Pour cela, un concours destiné aux étudiants est organisé afin de proposer un nudge innovant qui encouragerait des comportements écologiques.